Neuroscience is faced with a number of challenges; the need to take into account multiple levels of abstraction, sophisticated connectivity, and the interaction of neuronal models with the real-world. The multi-level neuronal simulation environment iqr was specifically developed to meet these challenges.
iCub, the baby humanoid for studying and developing cognitive systems: an introduction to its bodyware capabilities and software architecture.
The basal ganglia, a collection of subcortical nuclei, have long been implicated in both motor function and dysfunction. It has been proposed that the basal ganglia form a centralized action selection circuit, resolving conflict between multiple neural systems competing for access to the final common motor pathway formed by the brainstem and spinal cord. Numerous computational models have shown how the basal ganglia’s internal circuitry seems configured to act as a selection mechanism.